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Backing women garment workers in Bangladesh

Project time period

20202022

The H&M Foundation is running a long-term project to support women garment workers in Bangladesh. Initially, focus has been on minimizing the negative impacts on the women and their families of the COVID-19 pandemic. As a second step, H&M Foundation is preparing the women for a future where the textile industry is defined by automation and digitalization. The aim is to create new job opportunities for the women and safeguard their livelihoods.

Bangladesh has been identified by WHO as one of the 25 most vulnerable countries to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, with a high population density, poor infrastructure, weak health systems and low awareness of basic preventive measures. The Ready-Made Garment (RMG) sector is one of the largest contributors to the country’s GDP and the local and global effects of the pandemic has a great impact on textile workers within the garment industry.

H&M Foundation has donated a total of 18 million SEK (1.5 million USD) to WaterAid, CARE and Save the Children to provide young women, their families and community members in and around Dhaka with emergency relief. So far 100,000 women have been reached with emergency relief interventions and 1 million people have been reached with messages on COVID-19 and hygiene practices.

The support includes:

  • cash assistance for food, medication and other necessities
  • health care and COVID-19 testing
  • hygiene materials and handwashing facilities
  • work on awareness raising
  • support to families where gender-based violence increases as an effect of the crisis
  • child protection and child education focusing on disadvantaged children.

From urgent needs to long-term support

The use of automation and digital technology is making its way into the textile industry, also creating a risk of unemployment for millions of Bangladeshis. Women are particularly at risk, as they represent the majority of the total workforce within the garment industry and are often employed to execute the tasks which are highly susceptible to automation. There is an urgent need to create a skilled female workforce to save jobs and create new job opportunities.

Hence, H&M Foundation is also taking a long-term approach, running over several years, to support women garment workers in this transition. We take on a holistic approach involving important players from different sectors to achieve systemic, long-lasting change. We’re also looking at all factors influencing the employability of women, and their empowerment, from the household and community level to the industry sphere.

Pilot one – Skilling Program

Our long-term commitment is partly focusing on upskilling and training to equip female garment workers with critical skills required for managerial and sophisticated machine-operator roles. The program has three components: soft skill training, hard skill training and perception change. The ambition is to synchronize and integrate these three types of components to offer a holistic and unique skilling program.

Shimmy Technologies is contributing with so called hard skill training. By developing video game-based skill trainings, they will help women garment workers enhance their skills to become multi-machine operators and digital design workers.

CARE is focusing on giving soft skill training, referring to inclusive and gender responsive HR and management practices to support current and future needs of women’s career progression. Included in the soft skill training are also training on e-communication, digital skills, advanced problem-solving skills, planning and organizing skills.

Thirdly, BBC Media Action aims to contribute with improved perceptions and reduced levels of bias among factory owners and executives. They will focus on increased self-confidence among female garments workers and more supportive attitudes within families and communities, together contributing to an increase in the proportion of women in supervisory and machine operator roles within the Bangladesh RMG sector.

Pilot two – spurring impact though innovation

During the spring 2021 H&M Foundation and BRAC will be arranging a global virtual conference which will bring together relevant stakeholders in the RMG sector to foster communication, collaboration and co-creation. The aim is to provide a broad understanding of the evolving needs and behaviours in the apparel industry in Bangladesh and beyond, and to catalyze cross-industry conversations on future-of-work related business innovations. The conference will shed important insights on how to smoothen the transition in Bangladesh from an industry, human and gender perspective.

The conference will be followed up by an innovation challenge. Curated and based on the insights and knowledge generated from the conference, a competition will be designed to identify the most impactful local and global business innovations that have the potential to improve the industry competitiveness and livelihood of women garment workers. Six winners will get access to an incubation program, providing readiness support and industry access. A fund of $180,000, financed by the H&M Foundation, will provide grants to the winners for pilot implementations.

Project Specifics

  • Total Donation: 18 million SEK
  • Program Period: 20202022
  • Countries: Bangladesh
  • Focus Areas: Redesigning Systems
  • Partners: BBC Media Action, BRAC, CARE, Save the Children, Shimmy Technologies and WaterAid